Posts Tagged ‘ionic minor

07
Mar
19

A List of Metrical Feet All in One Place

I grew tired of having to visit different websites to find various metrical feet. So I’m making this page so they are all in one spot.

I have listed some feet that have either have no stressed syllable or unstressed syllable. Except for pyrrhic and spondee, I think a foot should have one of both, but the history of poetics includes them, so I will too.

I’ll use conventional notation:

/=stressed syllable

u=unstressed syllable

Duple Feet

Notation Name and Notes
u / Iamb. The most common foot in English.
/ u Trochee.
u u Pyrrhic. Can be used as an iamb substitute. Often called a double-iamb because it is usually followed by two stresses. However, some say “double-iamb” should be reserved for back-to-back iambs. See “ionic minor” and “diamb” below.
/ / Spondee. A powerful foot.

Triple Feet

Notation Name and Notes
u u / Anapest. Can be used as an iamb substitute.
/ u u Dactyl.
u / u Amphibrach.
/ u / Amphimacer or cretic. Sometimes referred to as “paeon diagyios.” Can be used as a substitute in anapestic verse.
u / / Bacchius. Can be used as a substitute in anapestic verse.
/ / u Antibacchius
u u u Tribrach. Has no stressed syllable, but is still considered a foot.
/ / / Molossos. Has no unstressed syllable, but is still considered a foot.

Quadruple Feet

Notation Name and Notes
/ u u u First paeon.
u / u u Second paeon.
u u / u Third paeon.
u u u / Fourth paeon.
u / / / First epitrite.
/ u / / Second epitrite.
/ / u / Third epitrite.
/ / / u Fourth epitrite.
u u / / Ionic minor or ionic a minore or double iamb. Can be used as replacement for two iambic feet. See “pryyhic” above.
/ / u u Ionic major or ionic a majore or double trochee.
u / u / Diamb. Though I think it is better labelled as “double iamb,” as it is back-to-back iambs.
u / / u Antispast. An iamb followed by a trochee.
/ u u / Choriamb. A trochee followed by an iamb.
u u u u Proceleus maticus or proceleusmaticus or tetrabrach. Has no stressed syllable, but it is still considered a foot.
/ / / / Dispondee. Has no unstressed syllable, but is still considered a foot.

//




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